Hosta montana

Hosta montana

Hosta montana var. montana (F. Maekawa 1940/AHS 1993 )

Subgenus Schmid Giboshi Zonneveld  
Section Schmid Helipteroides Zonneveld  
Hosta Library species file Hosta montana Part 1
Hosta montana Part 2
Origin Japan, southern Hokkaido and on the Pacific Ocean side  (and occasionally further west) of Tōhoku-chihō, Kantō-chihō, Chūbu-chihō and south to Kansai-chihō; Sporadically further south to Kyūshū, where in some areas may be cultivated transplants or grown for Ūrui = food crop).
See Map.
Habitat Montane forest margins, moist grasslands and rocky river valleys.
Japanese name Oba Giboshi = Large-leaf Hosta
Plant 60–120 cm diameter x 40–60 cm high (24–48" x 16–24").
Leaf Petiole 25–40 cm long (10–16"), ascending in an arch, forming a large dome-shaped plant, slightly winged, deeply grooved, dull dark green.
Leaf 23–28 cm x 15–22 cm (9–11" x 6–8.5" in.), leaf at petiole arcuate spreading, very contracted, broadly ovate, oblong-ovate, ovate-cordate, generally flat surface, open, margin flat to undulate, or tightly sinuate (“piecrust margin”) or no waves; surface flat, sometimes undulate, not rugose, acuminate tip, ± twisted and turned under, surface with matt sheen or shiny deep green, dull green or grey below.
(10) 12–14 pairs of veins, sunken above projected, strigose below with irregular papillae.
Inflorescense Scape tall, 90–120 cm (36–48"), 2–3 (to 5) isolated fertile bracts widely spaced along scape away from raceme, straight, erect to slightly bending, solid, terete, matte green (virescent), lightly or not purple-spotted at base.
Fertile bracts large, flat and broad, thick and fleshy, very whitish green, sometimes tinged purple, developing and opening in a stellar form as seen from above, withering, persisting briefly after anthesis.
Raceme 25–35 cm (12–14"), 15–30 flowers, compactly clustered.
Flowers 5 cm long, 3 cm broad (2 x 1.25"), mostly white to white very lightly purple suffused in center of tepals,  sometime with distinct lines, in northern and high montane habitats, with darker purplish in the center of the tepal; perianth expanding, funnel-shaped, in the central part lightly dilated bell-shaped, lobes spreading straightly to ±angled to the axis of perianth, stamens short and inside or rarely even with perianth; anthers purple dotting on barely whitish posterior, looks purple; style projecting beyond perianth.
Blooming Time July/August, but earlier anthesis occurs in the southern habitat.
Fertility Fertile
Growing conditions  
Suitable for containers Better suited for planting out.
Special remarks Because of its vast spreading area, a large numbers of morphological very distinct phenotypes occur and have been collected.
In Hosta Mill Collection Yes, Mt. Fuji form
Sports Yellow leaf margins
  • H. 'Ebb Tide' (E. Elslager 1997), tissue-culture sport of H. montana 'Aureomarginata' with corrugated (or wavy) margin
  • H. 'Gohon Matsu Fukurin' (NR)
  • H. 'Kifukurin Oba' = Large-leaf Hosta with ornamental yellow border = H. 'montana 'Aureomarginata'
  • H. 'montana 'Aureomarginata' (Maekawa 1940/AHS 1987), AKA H. 'Kifukurin Oba'.
  • H. 'Ogon Fukurin Oba' = H. 'montana 'Aureomarginata'
  • H. ‘Tsunotori Fukurin' = variegated (montana) from Tsunotori, with an occasional viridescent margin.

 

White leaf Margins

  • H. 'Ginfukurin Oba' = silver-margined H. montana
  • H. 'Kinkanshoku' = Annular eclipse.  The margin changes from whitish yellow to creamy white during the season.
  • H. 'Mountain Snow (M. Zilis/AHS 1988), with a narrow white margin and white streaking in the center
  • H. ‘Setsurei Oba'
  • H. 'Shirofukurin Oba' = white-margined H. montana
  • H. ‘Tomo Yuki' ((K. Terpening AHS NR), a wide-margined form
  • H. 'White On', very similar to H. 'Mountain Snow.

Yellow leaf center

  • H. 'Choko Nishiki' (Japan) = H. 'On Stage'
  • H. 'Fuji-no-Yubae = Sunset Glow from Mt. Fuji, with a very narrow green margin.
  • H. 'Kinkaku' = Golden Pavillion, with a barely visible green margin.
  • H. ‘Mountain Haze' (M. Zilis AHS 1990) is similar tto H. 'On Stage' and is early emerging.
  • H. 'On Stage' (P. Aden 1986), with green streaking in the center
  • H. ‘Shuhō Nishiki' [AHS NR], like a stabilized H. 'On Stage' with yellow center and a green edge.

Multicolored leaves

  • H. 'Amanogawa' (NR) = Milky Way montana, a sport with light green leaves, suffused in center with with yellow stripes and streaks, unstable and viridescent.
  • H. 'Asagiri Oba', a sport with streaky-misty white variegation
  • H. 'Chirifu Oba', a sport with “streaky-misty” white (and some yellowish streaking). One of the better known cultivars
  • H. ‘Daisetsurei' (NR), a rarely seen sport with “streaky-misty” white form (unstable)
  • H. ‘Daihaku Ryū' (NR), extremely unstable and therefore almost impossible to describe.
  • H. ‘Echigo Nishiki', a rarely seen white streaked form
  • H. ‘Fuji-no-Akebono' (NR) = (Mount) Fuji sunrise, a yellowish white center with a green margin streaking into the center found at Mt. Fuji. AKA H. 'Fuji Sunrise'
  • H. ‘Fuji Nishiki' [AHS NR] = (Mount) Fuji brocade (with irregular variegation), a whitish center with streaking, unstable.
  • H. ‘Hakuūn Nishiki' (NR) = White cloud brocade. A sport with (yellowish) white center that changes to streaky white with green margins. Some leaves more green than white.
  • H. ‘Haru-no-Yume' (NR) = Dream of Spring or Spring Dream. Unstable sport of the species with a yellow center that is often streaked with green and a green margin. It is viridescent and is all-green by summer.
  • H. 'Hatsu Yuki Nishiki' (Gotemba Nursery NR) = first snow brocade. It is a sport with yellowish white center that changes to streaky white with green margins. Some leaves have more green than white.
  • H. 'Hatsushimo Nishiki' (Gotemba Nursery NR) = first frost of the year brocade. A sport of the species with a green leaf that is mottled with irregular white. Late emerging in spring.  AKA H. 'Hatsushimo'.
  • H. ‘Ki Chirifu Oba' (NR) = Yellow dispersed variegation. This is a yellow overall streaked form, available in Japan.
  • H. 'O Fuji Fukurin' = great Mount Fuji (hosta), a sport with a (yellow) margin and yellow splashes (streaks) into center.
  • H. ‘Reihō' (NR) is very similar to H. ‘Hatsu Yuki Nishiki', but has darker green streaking. AKA H. ‘Reihō Nishiki'
  • H. ‘Shimo Chirifu' = frosty looking and dispersed variegation.  A sport with streaky-misty (“frosted”) variegation. Rare.
  • H. ‘Shinsei Ōba' (NR) = probably New star. Rarely seen.
  • H. ‘Shirobana Yūshun' (NR) = white-flowered Yushun, which is a H. montana hybrid with white flowers and leaves with white underside bloom. Its leaves are green with yellow and yellowish-white streaking.
  • H. 'Shunko Nishiki' (Japan/Gotemba Nursery)

Yellow leaves

  • H. 'Emma Foster' (G. Foster 1985), a yellow sport of H. montana 'Aureomarginata'.
  • H. 'Mountain Sunrise' (M. Zilis 1999), a H. 'On Stage' sport that has reverted to all yellow.  Difficult.
  • H. 'Ogon Oba', AKA Ogon Oba Giboshi

H. montana selections

  • H. 'Mount Daisen' (H. Sugita/P. & J. Ruh 2005)
Progeny
  • H. 'Academy Blue Titan' (S. Chamberlain 1999) = H. montana x H. sieboldiana 'Elegans'
  • H. 'Baby Boomer' (E. Elslager 2002) = H. Sea Prize' x H. montana 'Chirifu'
  • H. 'Baja Sunset' (R. Livingston) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Behemoth' (R. P. Savory 1988) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Bethel Big Leaf' (Clarence O. Lantis 1979) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Big Boy' (L. Simpers 1980) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Big Mo' (Ray B. Stephens 1990) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Big Sam' (Klopping 1963/AHS 1986) = H. montana x H. sieboldiana
  • H. 'Brazen Hussy' (Robyn Duback 2000) = H. montana x H. 'Gold Regal'
  • H. 'Crispula' (F. Maekawa/W. G. Schmid/AHS 2001) = H. montana hybrid?
  • H. 'Crystal Glaze' (L. Simpers/P. Banyai/B. Banyai 2000) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Cynthia' (C. W. Tompkins 1984) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Devon Desire' (A. & R. Bowden) = H. montana sport or seedling
  • H. 'Devon Tor' (A. & R. Bowden/P. & J. Ruh 2005) = H. montana seedling
  • H. 'Donahue Piecrust' (Thomas Donahue/P. Ruh 1999) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Dragon Wings' (W. Lefever 1996) = H. montana x H. 'Fortunei'
  • H. 'Echigo Nishiki' (T. Nakayama NR) = H. sieboldiana x H. montana
  • H. 'Elata' (N. Hylander 1954/W. G. Schmid/AHS 2002) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Evening Gown' (G. Johnson 2004) = H. montana 'Chirifu' x H. venusta
  • H. 'Exotic Presentation' (R. Livingston) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Fall Emerald' (A. Summers 1968/P. Ruh 1997) = H. montana x H. sieboldiana
  • H. 'Falling Waters' (Lachman 1997) = H. "seedling" x H. montana
  • H. 'Fountain' (K. J. W. Hensen 1983) = H. montana x H. sieboldiana
  • H. 'Gay Nineties' (Belle Gardens 1994) = H. William Lachman' x H. montana
  • H. 'Gosan Sigi Grey' (W. George Schmid NR) = H. montana x H. 'Tokudama'
  • H. 'Green Machine' (R. Livingston) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Green Nymph' (P. Banyai/B. Banyai 1999) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Honey' (R. P. Savory 1977) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Immense' (Lucy Simpers/P. Ruh 1991) = H. montana x H. "Ibaraki-K"
  • H. 'My Child Insook' () = H. Dorothy Benedict' x H. montana 'Aureomarginata'
  • H. 'Jackpot' (D. & J. Ward 1996) = H. White Vision' x H. montana 'Praeflorens'
  • H. 'Jade Cascade' (Heims) = H. montana 'Praeflorens' hybrid
  • H. 'Jay P. Warren' (S. Chamberlain 2004) = H. montana seedling
  • H. 'Key Lime' (Pauline Banyai 1990) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'King James' (G. Krossa/A. Summers/P. Ruh 1992) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'King Michael' (G. Krossa/A. Summers/P. Ruh 1992) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Lakeside Cha Cha' (M. Chastain 1994) = H. Fascination' x H. montana
  • H. 'Lemon Chiffon' (Pauline Banyai 1988) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Metropolis' (G. Johnson 2004) = H. montana 'Chirifu' selfed
  • H. 'Mount Everest' (J. Dishon 1996) = H. Sea Prize' x H. montana
  • H. 'My Friend Nancy' (Ralph H. Benedict/N. Krul 1991) = H. Dorothy Benedict' x H. montana 'Chirifu'
  • H. 'On Stage' (Japan/P. Aden 1986) = H. montana sport
  • H. 'Peppermint Ice' (Belle Gardens 1994) = H. William Lachman' x H. montana
  • H. 'Pewter Frost' (J. Dishon 1996) = H. pycnophylla x H. montana
  • H. 'Prince of Wales' (Diana Grenfell) = H. sieboldiana 'Elegans' x H. montana
  • H. 'Rosie Posie' (Belle Gardens 1994) = H. William Lachman' x H. montana
  • H. 'Salem' (L. Simpers/P. Ruh 2000) = H. "Lucy's Breeder 36-39" x H. montana
  • H. 'Shirobana Yushun' (Japan) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Silk Kimono' (H. Gowen/Hansen/Benedict 1999) = H. Dorothy Benedict' x H. montana
  • H. 'Smoothie' (P. Banyai/B. Banyai 1999) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Stingray' (R. Herold 2000) = H. kikutii x H. montana
  • H. 'Straka Gold' (Clarence Owens 1994) = H. Gold Regal' x H. montana
  • H. 'Sunami' (C. Soules 1990) = H. montana hybrid
  • H. 'Sweetness' (R. Livingston) = H. montana x H. plantaginea
  • H. 'Teacher's Pet' (Stuart Asch 2000) = H. Dorothy Benedict' x H. montana
  • H. 'Tucker Blues' (Ray B. Stephens 1990) = H. montana x H. 'Fortunei Aureomarginata'
  • H. 'Tucker Friendly Folk' (Ray B. Stephens 1991) = H. (x 'Wolcott') x H. montana
  • H. 'Tucker Tommy Little' (Ray B. Stephens 1991) = H. (x 'Wolcott') x H. montana
  • H. 'Unexpected Pleasure' (Stuart Asch 2000) = H. Dorothy Benedict' x H. montana
  • H. 'Zager Green' (H. A. Zager/P. Ruh 1987) = H. sieboldiana x H. montana

 

H. montana f. macrophylla (Maekawa)

Subgenus Schmid Giboshi Zonneveld  
Section Schmid Helipteroides Zonneveld  
Hosta Library species file Hosta montana Part 3
Origin Japan, central Honshu, including the higher elevations of western Kansai-chiho, Chubu-chiho and Kanto-chiho.
Habitat Sympatric populations occurring in higher montane meadow habitats
Japanese name Kyodaiba Giboshi = Enormous leaf Hosta
Plant 100-190 cm diameter, 60–90 cm high (40–75" by 24–36").
Petiole 50–60 cm (20–24"), stiffly erect, forming a large, dome-shaped plant, slightly winged, deeply grooved, dull medium green.
Leaf Leaf 40–45 by 25–30 cm (16–18 by 10–12 in.), leaf attitude at petiole at right angles, spreading, very contracted at base, broadly ovate-cordate, deeply ribbed surface created by sunken veins, acuminate tip. Surface medium green, with a slight sheen or matte green, duller green below. Margins usually entire, flat, but some specimens with undulate (piecrust) margins have been observed.
Venation 16–20, very sunken above, very projected, strigose below.
Inflorescense Scape 90– 130 cm (36–51 in.), in the wild measured to 1.5 m (60 in.); 2–3 isolated fertile bracts below the compact raceme and spaced apart along scape away from raceme, straight, erect, solid, terete, matte green (virescens), barely purple-spotted at base.
Sterile bracts 1–3 below raceme, large, fleshy, but not persisting.
Fertile bracts flat and broad, thick and fleshy, very whitish green, tinged purple, developing and opening in a stellar form as seen from above, persisting long after anthesis, with the lower bracts revolute (rolling under in circular fashion).
Raceme 25–35 cm (10–14 in.), 15–30 flowers, spread evenly.
Flowers 5 cm long, 3 cm broad (2 by 1.25 in.); mostly white to white lightly purple suffused in center of tepals;  sometimes with distinct lines, in northern, high montane habitats, with purplish in the center of the tepal; white, perianth expanding, funnel-shaped, in the central part dilated bell-shaped, lobes spreading straightly to ±angled to the axis of perianth, stamens superior to the perianth. Anthers slightly bicolor, but appear purplish with a purple dot pattern on a yellow background mostly posterior, lighter on anterior.
Blooming Time June/July
Fertility Fertile
Growing conditions  
Suitable for containers  
Special remarks  
In Hosta Mill Collection Yes
Sports  
Progeny
  • H. 'Ahwaneeh' (U. Syre-Herz 1990) = H. montana f. macrophylla x H. kikutii
  • H. 'Alice Gladden' (D. & J. Ward 1998) = H. White Vision' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Alligator Shoes' (Benedict/Hatfield 1995) = H. Dorothy Benedict' x H. montana
  • H. 'Amazing Grace' (D. & J. Ward 1999) = H. Pin Stripe' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Arnold Black' (D. & J. Ward 2004) = H. White Vision' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Emerald City' (D. & J. Ward 1996) = H. Big John' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Frosted Jade' (L. Maroushek 1978) = H. montana F. macrophylla hybrid
  • H. 'Godzilla' (D. & J. Ward 1996) = H. Big John' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Grand Canyon' (Petryszyn-Brincka 1995) = H. Sum and Substance' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Great Lakes Gold' (D. & J. Ward 2000) = H. White Vision' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Laura' (D. & J. Ward 2000) = H. (x 'Dorothy Benedict') x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Magic Mountain' (D. & J. Ward 2003) = H. montana f. macrophylla hybrid
  • H. 'Mesa Verde' (D. & J. Ward 2004) = H. montana f. macrophylla x H. 'Sagae'
  • H. 'Midnight Sun' (D. & J. Ward 1996) = H. High Noon' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Niagara Falls' (Bill Brincka/Olga Petryszyn 1991) = H. montana f. macrophylla x H. 'Sea Drift'
  • H. 'Night and Day' (D. & J. Ward 2000) = H. (x 'Dorothy Benedict') x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Orion's Belt' (D. & J. Ward 2003) = H. Pin Stripe' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Pretty Peggy' (D. & J. Ward 1999) = H. White Vision' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Stardust' (D. & J. Ward 1998) = H. White Vision' x H. montana f. macrophylla
  • H. 'Tom Rex' (D. & J. Ward 1999) = H. montana f. macrophylla x H. 'Big John'
  • H. 'Vanguard' (D. & J. Ward 2003) = H. montana f. macrophylla x H. 'Sagae'

 

H. montana f. ovatolancifolia

Subgenus Schmid Giboshi Zonneveld  
Section Schmid Helipteroides Zonneveld  
Hosta Library species file Hosta montana Part 3
Origin Japan, west-central Honshu, Kyoto-fu and Hyogo-ken, ranging north-east to Kanto-chiho. Type populations occur north on the flanks of Iwatoyama.
Habitat Close to mountain streams, hence the Japanese name
Japanese name Nagare Giboshi = stream hosta
Plant  
Leaf ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate leaves
Inflorescense  
Blooming Time  
Fertility Fertile
Growing conditions  
Suitable for containers  
Special remarks  
In Hosta Mill Collection No
Sports  
Progeny